Cervical Cancer Treatment
Cervical cancer is the cancer of the cervix, the lower, narrow end of the uterus.
There are two main types of cervical cancer:
- Squamous cell carcinoma: Begins in the thin, flat cells that line the cervix.
- Adenocarcinoma: Begins in cervical cells that make mucus and other fluids.
Long-lasting infections with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) cause almost all cases of cervical cancer. Vaccines that protect against infection with these types of HPV can greatly reduce the risk of cervical cancer. Having a Pap test to check for abnormal cells in the cervix or a test to check for HPV can find cells that may become cervical cancer. These cells can be treated before cancer forms.
Cervical cancer can usually be cured if it is found and treated in the early stages.